The Ultimate Umrah Guide. Step by Step Guide for all individuals and groups who are either going for Umrah or want to learn more about the blessed pilgrimage.
Definition of Umrah
The word “Umrah” is an Arabic word and is its literal meaning is “visit”. However, Umrah in Islamic terms means visiting the Holy Kaba. “Visit” also refers to as “Pilgrimage”.
Umrah is a detailed list of activities that one needs to perform during his or her visit of Mecca. Basically, there are some prerequisites prior to performing the Umrah. You need to wear Ihraam and also have your hair cut short or completely shaved. The beauty of Umrah is that you can perform it along with Hajj or does completely separately.
Core Pillars of Umrah
Below are the core pillars of Umrah :
- Ihraam: which is assumed at the Meeqaat. Every person performing Umrah wears Ihraam.
- Tawaaf: around the House. This refers to teh 7 circles around the Kaaba.
- Sa’y: walking between As-Safaa and Al-Marwah, which consists of seven circuits.
- Tahal-lul: which means coming out of the state of Ihraam; becoming lawful what was previously prohibited during Ihraam.
Umrah begins from your Home
Ensure these points are ensured before leaving for the journey:
Complete body wash – this is also known as gusal. so you need to have the entire body washed completely. this does include pubic hair. we recommend arm pits and any other area that you need to pay attention too. same rule applies for women and men.
Trim Nails completely. Cut to and finger nail. And no dirt is underneath the nails.
Previous prayers need to be accounted for. So if your flight is right after Asar, make sure that Zohar and Fajar have all been performed. In fact, it is recommended that no namaz has ever been left unaccounted for.
Last step is to pray 2 Rakat travel prayers. This is to ask forgiveness from Allah and make a request your journey to be easier and fulfilling.
Do recall that many of the people will consider that the home or starting point is their respective hotel. Irrespective of where you are living, the laws are same. Due to the preparations prior to Umrah, the luxurious hotels in Mecca and Medinah are always improving their services to the end user.
Dua for leaving your House
There are important duas that you need to recite as well before you leaving your house for Umrah.
“Bismillahi, Tawakkaltu, ‘a-lallahi, wa laa hawla wa laa quwatta illah billah.”
Meaning :- In the name of Allah, I place my trust in Allah, and there is no might nor power except with Allah.
This dua is not particular to leaving home for umrah. This dua should be stated every time you leave your home. so, even if you have reached your specific hotel, you should ensure that you state this prayer each time you leave your residence.
Dua During Journey
When you have entered into your car or the transportation that you are trying to go on, here is the dua for starting your journey on a vehicle or any transportation:
“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Subhaa-nalathee, Sakha-rala-naa ha-thaa wa maa kunaa, lahu muq-ri-nee-na wa innaa ilaa rabbinaa lamun-qa-le-boon.”
Meaning :- Allah is the greatest , How perfect He is, The One Who has place this (transport) at our service, and we ourselves would not have been capable of that, and to our Lord if our final destiny.
Again, this dua should be recited every time you go on any journey in your life. Not particular to Umrah.
Dua During Long Journey – Intervals During Travel
If the journey is long and there is a break or multiple breaks it is recommended to state the following dua during the breaks:
“A’uthoo bi-kalimaa tillaahhitammaa ti-min sharri maa khalaq.”
At all times you should be in the state of prayer and asking for forgiveness. One should be remembering Allah and his grace. You can recite any verses that you recall and like, read the Quran and other Islamic books. Keep yourself in the remembrance of Allah.
Prayers During Travel
Remember you are travelling and prayers are a bit different. you can add two prayers together or shorten it. Islam gives leverage to the traveller.
This is the place where Umrah begins. You need to make the intention of now performing and completing Umrah.
Do note that Muqeet is an important for many reasons. Firstly, you will be shaving your head and wearing two pieces of cloth. These two pieces of cloth is called Izaar and Ridaa. Ridaa covers the top of the body and the Izaar covers the lower parts. Only these two pieces will each person be wearing. You are prohibited to wear pants, underwear, shirts or any fabric.
It is also recommended that you take a shower and also use good scent on your body.
For women, there is no compulsion for wearing Ihraam. However, they can use the same cloths they are wearing but are not to wear niqaab.
After Ihram, state the below stated dua:
Meaning :- Here I am O Allah making ‘Umraah
This is the declaration state. You are bearing witness that you are here for Umrah. And this declaration begins your step one of Umrah.
Only if you are feeling sick and have a feeling that you might not be able to complete the Umrah, then recite:
“Allaahumma mahillee haithu habastanee.”
Meaning :-I come out of the state of Ihraam from the place You prevent me from continuing.
Typically you should be shouting loudly this above statement again and again till you reach Kaaba. You will see millions of muslims consistently stating this verse repeatedly. This is also called “talbiya”.
Entering Sacred Mosque
When you enter the mosque declaring the above stated Dua, enter with your right foot and say:
“Bismillaah, Allahumma Salli ‘Alaa Muhammad, Allahumma Ighfirli waftahli Abwaaba Rahmatik”
Meaning – In the name of Allah! O Allah! Exalt the mention of your Messenger. O Allah! Forgive my sins, and open the gates of Your mercy for me.
The objective of the dua is to demonstrate the greatness of Allah and how humble you are in terms of being honored to be in this great mosque. You are here to deserve the blessings of Allah and may Allah reward you accordingly. How long does it take to do tawaf will depend upon your knowledge of the duas and the rituals.
The Talbiyyah will no longer be proclaimed once you arrive in the vicinity of the Holy Kaaba. Once you arrive, you should approach the Black Stone. The touch the Black Stone with your right hand and kiss it. Millions of people cannot reach the Black Stone due to the rush. Point to in its direction also works in case going to the Black Stone is impossible. Once you touch the stone, kindly recite the following verses:
“Bismil-laah, Allahu Akbar” (In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest) or “Allahu Akbar“ (Allah is the Greatest).
Then during reciting these verses you need to be circulating around the Kaaba. However, the Kaaba needs to be on your left hand side. Once you are rotating, you will also reach the Yamaani Corner. Once you reach it, touch it with the right hand, Touching is required. No need to kiss it like the Black Rock. Declare the following verse when you touch the corner:
“Bismil-laahi wa Allahu Akbar”
Islam is a beautiful religion. Even here as you cannot proceed and touch it you can simply look in its direction and point to it. If this is the case, then kindly proclaim the following verse:
As you go in circular form, you will again reach the black stone. Touch it and kiss it and recite:
“Bismillaah Allahu Akbar”
if it is not possible then it is enough to point at it and say, “Bismillaah, Allahu Akbar”
There are certain requirements for men during Tawaaf.
- There is a particular way of wearing your Redaa. This process is called Al-Idhtibaa and it begins from the Tawaaf and ends after performing the Tawaaf. In this method, you place the middle of one’s Redaa under the right arm and the ends of it over the left shoulder. Do remember that you can place this back to its original form once the Tawaaf is complete. This is only for males. Not a requirement for women.
- The speed of your steps during the circulation will change. This process is call Ar – Raml. Basically it means speeding up pace with small steps.
During the entire circulation period make supplications from your heart. You can recite what you now and keep on begging Allah for continuous forgiveness. Read the verses from the Quran. There is nothing particular stated in the Sunnah for particular duas during Tawaaf. Beg for forgiveness and ask for good life and good death.
After finishing the seven circuits of Tawaaf, you will move forward to the Maqaam Ibraheem and recite the follow verse:
“And take you (people) the Maqaam (place) of Ibraheem as a place of Prayer…”
After this is complete, it is recommended that you state two short Rakkahs. And this should be behind Maqaam Ibraheem. If you cannot state it behind it, then at least in its proximity. It is preferred to recite during the first Rak’ah the chapter “Al-Kafiroon”  and during the second one the chapter of “Al-lkhlaas” .
Upon completing the two Rak’ahs, return to the Black Stone and touch it. Again, if you cannot touch it at least point to it.
The next step is to migrate to the place and point called Safaa. Once you reach near the point, you need to state the following verse:
“Verily, As-Safaa and Al-Marwah are from the symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or ‘Umrah of the house (ka ‘bah) to perform the going (tawaaf) between them. And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allah is the All-Recognizer, All-Knower.” [Quran; 2:158]
Mount Safaa is a mountain top where you can see the Kabah. Some people cannot reach the top and that is also permissible. The best part is to go to the point to see Kabah.
Say the following supplication while facing Ka’bah 3 times:
“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar. Laa ilaaha il-lall-llaahu wadahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu, wa huwa ‘alaa qulli shay’in qadeer. Laa ilaaha il-lall-llaahu wahdahu, anjaza wa’dahu, wa nasara ‘abdahu, wa hazamal ahzaaba wahdahu” (Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. None has the right to be worshipped except Allah alone, Who has no partner. To Him belongs the dominion, to Him belongs all praise, and He has power over everything. He fulfilled His promise, gave victory to His servant, and defeated the confederates alone.)
After this particular state is completed, you need to move forward to the Marwah point. Again you need to follow the same method as stated above. the only difference is that you will not state the particular Quranic verse.
You need to complete two complete rounds between these two points. This is only for men.
Complete Seven circuits ending the last one on Marwah.
Then one is to have his hair cut although shaving it is better. Women should shorten their hair by a finger-tips length from the end. The rights of ‘Umrah have now been completed.